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Quality Measures for Complex Modulated Signals Reaching for Standardization - Application Note
Complex modulation is now being broadly accepted in optical data transmission. The app note investigates if the quality parameters are ready to be standardized and to replace traditional parameters.

Application Note 2013-02-19

Technical Paper for Kalman Filter Based Modulation Analysis
Technical paper for Kalman Filter Based Modulation Analysis.

Application Note 2012-11-28

Metrology of Optical Advanced Modulation Formats
The metrology basics of advanced optical modulation formats are presented.

Application Note 2009-04-29

PDF PDF 181 KB
Digital Modulation in Communications Systems - An Introduction
This application note introduces the concepts of digital modulation used in many communications systems today.

Application Note 2001-03-14

PDF PDF 661 KB